What is Ozone?
Ozone is a pollutant that appears in our valley's hot summertime air. Ozone is formed by gases called nitrogen oxides (NOx) and (VOCs) volatile organic compounds. When they are mixed in the presence of heat and sunlight, the reaction forms ozone.
Changing weather is the cause of fluctuation in ozone levels from year to year and city to city. Ozone and the pollutants that cause it can be sent hundreds of miles upwind from their source.
What harm will it cause?
When ozone is inhaled, even in low doses, it can cause: respiratory problems, aggravate asthma, cause significant temporary decrease in lung capacity. Even healthy adults are effected. Up to 20% of all summertime respiratory problems are associated with ozone pollution. It can impair the body's immune system defenses that could lead to respiratory problems such as bronchitis and pneumonia.
Are children at more of a risk?
Yes. Children breathe more air per pound of body weight than adults, and because their respiratory systems are not yet fully developed, they are more threatened by the harmful effects of out door pollutants.
Will ozone have any other ill effects?
Not only is Ozone in large quantities harmful to us, but to the world around us. Ground level ozone weakens sensitive vegetation, making plants more susceptible to disease, pests, and environmental stresses. It is known to be a leading cause in reduced yields of crops.
It also effects the long-lived species such as trees. It can kill or damage leaves, and cause them to fall too soon, become spotted and/or brown. This not only has an ill effect on the beauty of nature, but is damaging to our natural food chain as well.
When is ozone most likely to reach a dangerous level?
We could reach high levels of ozone any time during our valleys' hot desert weather, but the Governor's Ozone Alert Program runs from May 1 to Sep 30. So please use Trip Reduction. There will be something in it for all.
If you're ready to help make our air just a little bit cleaner. Give us a call in the transit department at 782-3440.
How can we help?
Keep your eyes and ears open. ADEQ (Arizona Department of Environmental Quality) announces an alert before noon the preceding high pollution alert day. So watch for posters to be put up around your offices, listen for alert broadcast on most popular radio stations.
Remember: If an emergency arises for someone using any form or trip reduction, transportation will be provided.
Forming a Carpool
CALL the first person on your list. Introduce yourself and explain the reason for your call.
Try to ARRANGE an informal meeting, near work or near home. At this meeting, or on the phone, go over the following points:
DECIDE who's to drive and who's to ride and when!
ARRANGE a convenient pick-up and drop-off point.
DETERMINE waiting time, radio stations and reimbursement for commuting costs.
TRADE phone numbers with everyone in the group - keep copies at work and home.
SHARE insurance information. Have drivers check their insurance to be sure of adequate coverage; car-poolers should inquire about available insurance discounts.
Your Cost of Driving Alone
Monthly Drive Alone Cost =
Your daily round trip mileage ______
X 21 work days/month
X 39.8 cents (cost per mile) =
***AAA driving cost based on a 4-cylinder car.
ONCE your carpool is formed, remember the following guidelines to keep things running smoothly:
BE ON TIME. Don't keep people waiting if you know you're going to be late. Let everyone know you'll be making other arrangements to get to work.
If a member of your carpool drops out or if you would like to change poolers or join a vanpool and save even more money, call: 602-262-RIDE